Microsporia in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Microsporia or ringworm is one of the most common skin diseases. It belongs to the group of dermatomycosis, that is, it is caused by dermatomycetes - imperfect fungi.
The same group of diseases also includes scab and trichophytosis. All these diseases are contagious and for humans, and their pathogens in the external environment persist for quite a long time and are very resistant to disinfectants.
Like all fungi, pathogens microcosmiaMultiply by spores. Infection occurs through the hair and scales of the epithelium, on which spores in the external environment can persist for up to a year and a half. Therefore, the animal can become infected not only with direct contact, but also with the use of the care of a dog affected by microsporia.
Symptoms of microsporia in dogs
Clinical manifestation of the disease in dogsQuite diverse. Foci of lesion are most often located at the base of the tail, on the upper part of the head near the ears, on the limbs, etc. In these places, rounded spots of irregular shape are formed. Sometimes lesions develop between the toes.
In places where the fungus is affected, the skin becomes red andThickens. The quality of wool sharply deteriorates, its hairs seem to stick together. The development of the disease can especially contribute to the violation of hormonal status and metabolism, a violation of the vitamin balance, including a shortage in the diet of vitamins A and C.
There are several clinical forms of microsporia in dogs:</ P>
To clarify the diagnosis, laboratory tests are carried out. From the affected area of the skin take broken hair and scraping scales.
The second method of research isLuminescent, allowing to distinguish microspores from scab. The dog is irradiated in a dark room with a mercury quartz lamp. If it is infected with ringworm, under the influence of the apparatus, the affected hairs in the wool cover will light up with neon-emerald color.
Treatment of microsporia in dogs
- This is a rather lengthy and time consuming process. The animal must be isolated and cleaned permanently to prevent contamination of family members.
- For a long time, it is necessary to treat the affected skin with antifungal agents. For this purpose, a 10% salicylic acid solution is suitable for 5% iodine tincture.
- For the treatment of dermatomycosis from antibioticsSuccessfully used 0.25% trichocetin. Its suspension on vaseline oil or fish oil is applied every 6-8 days to the skin of the dog. Simultaneously, the dog is given another antibiotic, griseofulvin, 15-20 mg per kg of bodyweight. First, a course of treatment is done for 20 days, then after a 10-day break the treatment is repeated.
- Even after full recovery on the lesion sites, the risk of re-infection is still present. After all, infected hairs and scales of skin can be in the room where the dog lives.
- Therefore, after curing, the animal should be observed by the veterinarian for at least 45 days. Every two weeks, a checkup is necessary for ringworm luminescence.