Osteochondrosis in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Osteochondrosis - a complex pathology associated with a violation of mineralization of cartilage. This disease can affect any dog, but most often it is exposed to fast-growing puppies of dogs of large breeds.
This happens when the weight of a young person exceedsStability of the developing limbs to rapidly growing loads. For example, in Central Asian and Caucasian sheep-dogs, osteochondrosis affects about 28%.
There is also a close relationship between the weight of the parents and the frequency of manifestation of this pathology in puppies. The larger the parents (more than 80 kg), the more often the disease appears in their offspring - up to 35% of cases.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis in dogs
- The first signs become noticeable by about 3-5Month, and the disease develops up to 14 months of age. The puppy begins to drag the paws with a strong shift of the center of gravity to the chest. As a result, develops hugeness, the forelegs are always with diluted elbows, the croup is heavily mowed, the loin is shortened, the hind legs are set straight. Muscles of the hind limbs gradually atrophy, partially develops kyphosis (curvature of the spine).
- The dog keeps the hind legs constantly with the unbentKnee joint, and ultimately it leads to a dislocation of the kneecap. Puppies with a dislocation of the last degrees may have an abnormal gait from the time they started walking. And lameness can periodically manifest itself throughout life.
- In many dogs, the disease is not noticeable, because it does not experience pain.
- Some animals begin to drag a limb unexpectedly, periodically ceasing to limp.
Treatment of osteochondrosis in dogs
In many ways, treatment depends on the stage of the disease. Initially, at the earliest stage diet nutrition with dietary food is important, increase in physical activity during walks and a course of lincomycin for 10-14 days 3 times a day for 50 mg / kg. If the situation is already started, correction operation is necessary. Its goal is to correct the mechanism of the quadriceps muscle and to ensure the stability of the patella.
It is necessary and postoperative treatment. It often reduces to intra-arterial injections of bicillin with prednisolone. Also for 10-14 days immobilization of the hock and knee joints by the loop of Emer.
During the rehabilitation period, correction of the feed ration is performed, reducing its caloric content and protein content, and also assigning a dosed load.
At the first degree of disease in 6 monthsTreatment signs of the disease disappear in 43%, and at the second degree in 55% of cases. At the third degree of the disease after the corrective operation, limb functions are restored in three months in 88% of patients.