Helminthiases in dogs: species, treatment
Helminthiasis in dogs is a disease caused byThe appearance of parasitic worms (helminths) in the animal's body. Currently, more than five dozen species of worms in dogs have been identified.
Most of these diseases areChronic and cause extreme exhaustion of the body of the dog, in addition, there is a regular decline in efficiency as a result of poisoning with toxins released during the life of helminths. In some cases, there is a direct threat of infection of the owner of the dog.
Types of helminthiases in dogs
There are the following especially dangerous diseases of this group:
Toxaskaridosis. Its causative agent is a parasitic worm,Having a round shape and pointed tips, a length of 5 to 10 cm. These parasitic organisms can exist in the small intestine of both dogs and other mammals. Helminthiases in this case can actively multiply, and their number can increase to several hundred.
Toxocarosis. The causative agent of the disease is a round helminth,Reaching a length of about 10 - 20 cm This parasite is able to adapt to life in the small intestine of dogs and other carnivores. Especially often this disease affects young animals.
Echinococcosis. This disease causes a tapeworm,Length about 5 mm. Parasitizes in the intestines of dogs and other animals. The development of the larva of the parasite occurs with the participation of the so-called intermediate carrier, which, as a rule, are ungulates, as well as humans.
Diphyllobothriasis. In this case, the causative agent is the ribbonHelminth, reaching a length of up to 2 m. The development of the parasite occurs only in the aquatic environment, in particular in the body of predatory fish. Then it gets inside dogs, foxes, cats, humans, etc., when using raw or poorly processed fish.
Dipillidiosis. The bandworm, reaching a length of about 40 cm, Is the causative agent of this disease. This parasite develops with the help of withers and fleas and lives in the intestines of a human, a dog and other carnivores.
Shadows. The causative agents are various types of tapeworms, which, as a rule, grow to a length of up to 5 m. Intermediate hosts in this case are cows, horses, sheep, rabbits, mice, etc.
Treatment of helminthiasis in dogs
So, if you find the first signs of infectionHelminthiasis should begin the proper treatment of the dog as soon as possible. Among the measures to prevent infection with this type of disease, special attention should be given to the following.
- First, it is necessary to exclude as far as possible the contact of the dog with stray cats and dogs, as well as with wild carnivorous animals.
- Secondly, if the dog lives in a special room, it is necessary to clean the feces daily and treat the floor every week with a special disinfectant solution (for example, a hot ash fly solution).
- Thirdly, it is necessary to ensure thatFood the dog did not get raw fish, meat, and also the entrails of animals. In addition, dogs should be protected from contact with rodents, garbage dumps, etc. in places.
It is also important to keep the dog clean and fight fleas and withers. The use of anthelmintic drugs must always be agreed with the veterinarian.