Inflammation of anal glands in dogs: treatment and causes of the disease
Anal (paranal) glands - a group of skin glands that are located near the anus and open into the cavity of the rectum.
Odorous secretions from them attract individualsOf the other sex, are used to scare off enemies or serve to tag the territory. The glands are normally released from the secret at each bowel movement, as well as during active movements and stress. However, in domestic animals, especially dogs of small breeds, diseases of the anal glands are not rare.
Course of the disease
At first, the natural outflow and the glandOverwhelmed with a secret. The animal still looks healthy, but sometimes it can bite the base of the tail. Over time, the secret thickens, and the dog begins to show concern when grazing the tail, can ride on the buttocks. The secret is actively absorbed into the blood, which causes a strong itch throughout the body, the dog itches and discovers the skin over the base of the tail.
If the release of the secretion from the glands is still notOccurs, the gland and surrounding tissues become inflamed and an abscess is formed, which in most cases breaks out through the skin near the anus, a temporary fistula of the paranal gland is formed.
The dog experiences severe pain during movements,Time of defecation and even at rest. She often licks under her tail, refuses to eat, becomes sluggish. When the blood is infected, the body temperature rises to 40 degrees. Without treatment, this period may result in the death of the animal.
If the situation stabilizes, then it is necessaryClosely monitor that together with the abscess the connective tissue is not overgrown with gland ducts. Otherwise, the fistula of the anal, parainal gland becomes chronic.
Causes of inflammation of the anal glands in dogs
An important role in this disease is played by a sedentary lifestyle, which is associated with muscle weakness and stasis of secretion. This is genetically concentrated in highly ornamental animals.
Also the stimulus is bacterialImpact, weak immune system, various injuries, both external and internal with eating bones, constipation or too soft stool due to abnormalities in the work of internal organs or in nutrition.
As prevention is important and regular hygieneProcedures. Mechanical cleaning of the glands from the secret every 3 to 9 months. Small breeds (especially Pekingese) need cleaning from 3 to 5 months, large after 5 to 9 years.
Treatment of inflammation and blockage of anal glands in dogs
- First of all, if the glands are blocked,Mechanical cleansing of glands. It can be entrusted to the veterinarian, but it is better to learn how to do it yourself. In gloves with petroleum jelly the index finger is injected into the dog in the rectum. With the index finger and thumb on the sides of the hole, grooves are felt. They are similar to pear-shaped formation of different density. Strengthening massaging movements, the secret must be gently squeezed out. After cleaning, you need to put a couple of anti-inflammatory suppositories.
- If the clogging of the glands has already occurred, Novocain blockades with an antibiotic course up to 15 days are used. Sometimes it is necessary to wash the sinuses with antiseptics.
- In case of abscessing, the affected area of the skinShaved, and treatment is primarily focused on a purulent wound. Treatment can be difficult and time-consuming depending on the strength of the body and the presence of microflora, which caused suppuration.
In chronic fistula in dogs, surgical removal of anal glands may be required.