Papillomas in dogs: treatment, causes of appearance
Papillomatosis is a viral disease that causes the papilloma virus (VP). In dogs, eight viruses of the papilloma are known.
Places of appearance of papillomas
In young dogs, most often papillomatosisIs found in the oral cavity. This disease is contagious and can be transmitted from the dog to the dog. Less often, papillomas occur on other parts of the body - the limbs, neck, ears, etc. These kinds of papillomatosis are characteristic of older dogs and they are not contagious.
On the mucosa of the oral cavity of the papillomaCan be located on the cheeks, lips, gums, in the region of the tongue in the form of small cone-shaped formations of loose, soft consistency. These are single formations of different shapes, the size can reach the size of a bean. They are abundantly supplied with blood vessels, so they can easily damage and bleed. These are benign tumors of viral origin.
If there is a lot of papillomas in the mouth, it is painful for the dog to chew and take food, and it refuses to eat, which can lead to the exhaustion of the pet.
Papillomas on the skin have a more dense consistency and a keratinized appearance.
Causes of papillomas in dogs
Papillomavirus enters the fissure on the mucosaThe membrane of the oral cavity or the skin, penetrates into the most sensitive cells of the basal layer. In this layer, cells constantly multiply, reproducing new layers of descendants, which replace their predecessors. So the virus is implanted in the basal cells and with the new layers advances to the superficial epithelium.
As the infected cell moves toThe surface it stops to share, that the virus does not suit. It begins to stimulate the metabolism and multiplication of the captured cell with its transforating proteins. It is under their influence that the cell gets the ability to unlimited reproduction and growth, that is, it turns into a tumor. As a result, on the surface of the skin or mucous membrane of the oral cavity appear papilliform tumors - papillomas.
Treatment of papillomas in dogs
How to cure papillomas in dogs? Single papillomas on the skin are removed.
- Just under the root bandage with linen thread, cauterize with liquid nitrogen or rub an anti-revutin paste.
- Also, when single papillomas are used andFolk remedies: the warts of the dog are smeared with freshly squeezed celandine juice, and after the wart turns black, it is neatly cut and continues to lubricate the site until complete healing.
- However, with multiple lesions, intravenous injection of 0.5% novocaine solution every 5 days to 5-10 ml is more effective. One course of treatment requires 3-4 injections.
- At the moment, vaccination is the mostAn effective tool for papillomatosis in dogs. The vaccine is prepared using those papillomas that are found in a sick animal. For the manufacture of the vaccine, subcutaneously injected into the dog 3-5 ml twice with an interval of 7-10 days. After 3-4 weeks, there is a curative effect.