Urolithiasis in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Urolithiasis in dogs is the formation in the urinary system of stones (uroliths), which are more often in the bladder.
Most often, the uroliths consist of calcium ammonophosphate (mineral struvite) and can be quite large.
Urolits are formed under the influence of a number ofFactors: the content of certain salts that dissolve in the urine, as well as the presence of substances that crystallize these salts. Stones in the bladder are delayed due to contamination of the passages. The occurrence of urolites of struvite composition is most often associated with a particular infection.
Symptoms of kidney stones in dogs
- First of all, males have difficulty with urination with a blocked urethra. The animal is increasingly trying to get rid of urine, while it may moan.
- In the urine, blood may appear, and the dog experiences noticeable discomfort, especially in the last stages of urination.
- Also, the animal can have a fever.
A dog of any age can get sick, although more oftenAll the same dogs are susceptible from 4 to 6 years. Cables have a twice as much risk of getting sick than a bitch. There are also pedigree features. For example, more often representatives of other breeds are taxed, miniature poodles, cocker spaniels, dalmatians, dachunds, shih-tzu and Yorkshire terriers. Very rarely stones in the bladder are formed in sheep dogs, boxers and collies.
If you do not seek help in time, the stones will grow too large, block the urinary tract and, as a result, cause acute renal failure.
Treatment of urolithiasis in dogs
Diagnosis and treatment should only be carried outdoctor. A large stone, he can detect even by simple probing. Also, with the help of a catheter, the doctor will check if urinary tracts are blocked and take urine analysis.
It may be necessary and ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, fluoroscopic examination of the state of the bladder and the entire system. This is necessary to determine the type of urolyte.
Methods of treatment of urolithiasis in dogs depend on the size, type of stone and the position that it occupies.
- In general, it consists in the surgical removal of cystitic and oxalate stones. With complete blockage of the urinary tract in males, an alternative channel for urine output is organized.
- Sometimes males are washed ways to drive a stone into the bladder, where it is much easier to remove.
- Also, urate and struvite can be dissolved with a special diet or medications.
- If the disease is accompanied by an infection, antibiotics are often used.
After treatment, further prevention is very important: a lot of drinking and regular exercise, increasing the physical activity of the dog and reducing excess weight.