Dysplasia of joints in dogs: symptoms, signs, treatment
Dysplasia in dogs is a disease that results in the destruction of the hip joints of the animal. This disease affects dogs of large breeds: labradors, sheep dogs, St. Bernards, retrievers and others.
The causes of dysplasia in dogs
- Often, the disease is genetic in dogs of large breeds. With careful culling of sick animals from the further development of the genotype, only healthy animals are born.
- Dysplasia can also develop due toMalnutrition. It has already been proven by scientists that an unbalanced ratio of phosphorus and calcium in the dog's diet, poor-quality dry food, and, conversely, too much meat in the diet can serve as an impetus to the development of dysplasia.
- Also, in the case of large breeds, you should always carefully monitor the weight of the dog. The development of dysplasia will only exacerbate excess weight.
Symptoms of hip joint dysplasia in dogs
Most often, dysplasia is diagnosed in dogs inThe age of 12-18 months. This is due to the rapid growth of the puppy and rapid weight gain. And these loads lead to the fact that dogs begin to collapse joints. This leads to the lameness of the animal, which at the age of two can manifest.
The most striking symptoms of dysplasia are:
- The dog is difficult to get up after lying down and climb the stairs;
- When walking, the dog swings unevenly or limps;
- She flinches or whimper when you touch her thigh.
Even if the dog does not limp, this does not excludeThe possibility of developing dysplasia. Just the wrong setting and development of the joints have not yet led to lameness. Thus, in the puppy, the first alarming signs of the development of the disease is that it often lies with its hind legs spread out in different directions, as well as rapid fatigue during long walking and the so-called "rabbit" run, during which the dog is pushed simultaneously by two hind legs .
Dysplasia of the joints is sometimes diagnosed inAged 4-5 months, when the hind paws of dogs have not yet grown stronger. In this case, you need to start treatment immediately, without expecting the baby to reach 12 months of age. Otherwise, osteoarthritis may develop.
Treatment of dysplasia in dogs
At the moment, no treatment for hip dysplasia in the dog gives 100% of the result. There are only different means of therapy andDrugs that stop the development of the disease. Completely to relieve the dog of dysplasia can only be surgically done by implanting expensive prostheses.
- There are preparations-hondoprotectors, which are injected into the joint or vein of the animal. And only a doctor can do this.
- Also, with joint dysplasia, physiotherapy is prescribed: heating the joints with ozocerite or paraffin, exposing the joints to laser and electromagnetic radiation.
- If the animal experiences severe pain it is prescribed an analgesic drug Rimadyl, but it does not stop the development of the disease and does not rule out another therapy.
- Also in the form of prophylaxis and therapeutic nutrition, veterinarians recommend giving nutritional supplements to dogs containing chondroetin and glucosamine.
Also owners of large breeds of dogs shouldRemember the predisposition of their pets and do not overload them physically. That is - do not run for a bike for long distances, do not "harness" in a sled in the winter for children to ride.