Diseases of the heart in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Our pets have noble hearts who are ready to accommodate all who are dear to them.
But, unfortunately, it is heart problems that are the most common cause that reduces Life expectancy of dogs</a>.
Diseases of the heart in dogs can be divided into three groups:
- Congenital malformations,
- Acquired heart failure (after suffering or as a complication of current infectious diseases);
- Diseases in old animals.
The first group of diseases is manifested in young dogs. Alas, a characteristic clinical picture often follows the death of a sick animal at an early age.
From heart failure, as a rule, middle-aged pets suffer, and diseases of the third group occur in animals older than eight years.
The causes of heart pathologies areInfectious and genetically inherited diseases, heavy physical exertion, trauma, blood loss, neoplasms and congenital malformations. Diseases of the respiratory system and other body systems can also contribute to the development of cardiovascular pathology to some extent.
Doges, St. Bernards, Newfoundlands are giantBreeds in which in the genetic code, too, unfortunately, "prescribed" cardiac pathologies. First of all, they can be caused by excessive loads or, conversely, by their lack. Boxers and Dobermans also often encounter this problem - dilated cardiomyopathy.
Symptoms of heart disease in dogs and when to call a veterinarian
It depends on the age of the animal. In a puppy for a year, the following symptoms of heart disease and congenital malformations appear: -</ P>
- The puppy does not play,
- Sleeps a lot,
- Bad gain in weight due to the fact that he does not eat well,
- The dog actively runs and plays, but after that often breathes with his mouth open, as if he can not catch his breath, then becomes lethargic.
- Can cough after active movements,
- The puppy has a cyanotic tongue,
- Constant shortness of breath and fainting.
An adult dog under the age of eight is oftenManifested dyspnea at rest. The dog is weak, sluggish without a reason, while walking it may happen a faint. The dog may have a cough, often similar to the urge to vomit. She can drink a lot and gain weight. An adult dog older than eight years old may also have an unconscionable cough. She can breathe in a cool room with her mouth open, show concern, have shortness of breath.
Symptoms of heart disease are also:</ P>
- Shaky walk,
- Disruption of coordination,
- Refusal to eat, weakness,
- Rare breathing
If the dog is noisy breathing, sticking out his tongue, whichBegan to grow blue - this is an urgent reason to call for urgent veterinary care. The most constant and sure sign of any type of cardiac dysfunction is shortness of breath. If you carefully look after the dog and catch this first symptom, then you can deal with developing disease quickly and effectively. Sometimes to stop the development of the process, you just need to reduce physical activity and change the diet.
Treatment of heart disease in dogs
At the first stage, when the onlySign - shortness of breath in a dog, first of all it is necessary to translate the pet for feeding in small portions 3-4 times a day and reduce the time for walking or sporting activity. Often, the owners get used to doing sports with the dog, forgetting that 7-8 years for the dog is already a solid age and it's time to rest.
If dyspnea is associated with a cough that occurs in theMoments of activity or emotional distress, then medications that the vet will write out after a thorough examination of the dog are needed. The treatment is long-term.
If the attacks of dyspnea and coughing are becoming more and moreLong, and the intervals between them are shortened, it means irreversible changes in the heart. Treatment will be needed for the rest of life and hopes for recovery will be quite small.