Scotch Terrier (Scottish Terrier): description of the breed and photos, care and training
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This charming dog, as it should beA true English gentleman, has a mass of positive qualities. Among other terriers, he is distinguished by a comical, but elegant appearance. He is intelligent, energetic, unpretentious, hardy and restrained. The Scot is a reliable and sensitive dog. Although it can sometimes pogoronichat, because her distant relatives protected the English farms from small rodents and predators. The present Scotch-terriers have almost forgotten about their hunting past. But the rebellious call of ancestors sometimes excites their souls - and then funny dogs get into no less amusing bindings ...
Scotch Terrier (Scottish Terrier)
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
In the mountains of Scotland
Terriers appeared on Foggy Albion. Small, but brave dogs coped well with small pests that caused damage to farming. In addition, they successfully hunted the normal beasts - foxes and badgers.
Strict Englishmen, who have great weakness forHunting, actively bred the breed. And the Scots did consider it irreplaceable. After all, in the north of the country in swampy peat bogs, hiding among the picturesque mountains, there were too many small predators and rodents. Without terriers, the farms of Scotland would be doomed to ruin.
The Big Confusion
Already in the Middle Ages among small dogsGreat Britain was clearly different types. But the first breeders were worried only by the hunting skills of dogs, and the appearance of their pets was not interested. And strict classification of terriers did not exist then. Therefore even within the limits of one litter there could be individuals, who were conditionally counted to different breeds.
Moreover, the politicalThe situation on the islands. The Scottish clans were constantly at odds with each other and fought for independence with the British. Therefore, they did not seek to exchange dogs to update the genotype in nurseries.
However, some distinct differences between the terriersEngland and Scotland still existed. The English dogs were long-legged, tall and smooth-haired, while the Scottish breeds had an elongated squat trunk, short legs and, of course, a stiff long coat to protect against the mountain cold.
Pull the dog by the tail
It is known that the first Norse terriers hadLong enough tails, which was not very convenient for hunting. Therefore, all dogs were stopped, leaving a fifteen-centimeter process. In that was practical sense. For a short tail, hunters sometimes dragged the heated four-legged companion out of the hole.
History of Scotch Terrier
Unfortunately, the distant ancestors of Scotch terriersLittle is known. Farmers and foresters who raised them left almost no records of their pets. But the historians of the breed were helped by painters, who in the 16th century often depicted noble people in their canvases surrounded by their favorite dogs.
One of these paintings dates back to 1553. The "Scotsman" painted on it differs from its modern four-legged brothers. He has semi-erect ears, a longer body and a short muzzle, and the coat looks rougher.
A similar dog in 1578 describes in his book "Histories of Scotland" Bishop John Leslie. He specifies that this normal breed is actively used for hunting small predators, including weasels.
In the 19th century, terriers attracted the attention of BritishNaturalists. Thomas Buick, HJ Richardson and Thomas Bell not only create a detailed description of the Scottish dogs, but also put in their works reliable illustrations. By these amazing pictures you can trace the development of the breed.
Child of Severe North
Over several centuries of breeding the differences betweenNormal dogs from different nurseries of England became obvious. Now they could easily be divided into breeds. However, the Scottish terriers then called all the dogs of the Kingdom. And it was only after several exhibitions in the late 19th century that the name was assigned to a specific breed. In 1879, its official standard was developed.
The first four-legged "Scots" were fromNorthern town of Aberdeen. Dogs that grew up in harsh conditions had a longish abdomen, a saber-shaped tail, and a short short coat of variegated tiger color, closely adhering to the body.
One of the most popular breeders of Scotch-terrier wasVan Best, who seriously took up the improvement of the breed. Another famous amateur "Scots" - Mr. Ludlow. It was thanks to him in 1883 in England and in 1888 in Scotland, there were clubs of fans of the breed.
Scotch Terrier - Celebrity Pet
A few decades later the breed becameKnown and loved around the world. According to statistics, before the First World War, in the UK alone, about 1500 Scotch-terriers were purchased annually, and in the United States, even more - 5000. In 1935, the English Kennel Club registered more than 4000 puppies.
But the real glory came to the breed in the 40s. Among its admirers were General Eisenhower, President Roosevelt, actor Charlie Chaplin and scientist Albert Einstein.
Among the Soviet celebrities, too, wasMany lovers of the Scottish terrier. In many school textbooks on literature you can see a picture of Vladimir Mayakovsky with his favorite Skotik. But Nadezhda Rumyantseva had as many as 17 dogs: all of them performed in the circus under the common pseudonym of Blot.
Extraordinary appearance made Scotch TerrierA favorite of designers, artists, writers and even advertisers. For example, a black Scottish terrier is depicted on the brand label of the whiskey "Black & Mhite". In addition, the dog appeared on the pages of books by Virginia Woolf, Redoida Kipling, Gerald Darrell and Dorothy Sayers. And in 2006, in Estonia, issued a stamp with the image of a "Scotsman".
Why did Scotch Terrier win the hearts of many people? Probably the secret of charm in his elegant and unusual appearance. The breed standard clearly regulates the hairstyle of these dogs. Since their hair does not shed, the owners have to invest a lot of effort and time in caring for their pets. You need to pull out dying hair, trim the back and head, perform the milling.
All Scottish terriers have a long andHard. Individual woolens are similar to elastic wire. But the undercoat is thick, short and soft. Wool on the trunk and legs forms a kind of skirt and panties. On a muzzle are located long mustaches, a beard and brows, from under which smart eyes are smoothed out.
There are three main types of color. Initially, only mottled Scotch terriers with a tiger blend of dark and light hair of different shades were known. In mainland Europe, wheat has spread. But black dogs were very rare. They were not even mentioned in the first version of the standard. Breeders had to work hard to consolidate the gene. And now black "Scots" are found more often than others.
Weight: 8.5 - 10.5 kg
The average Scotch terrier lives 13 to 14 years
Number of puppies in litters
3 - 5 puppies
Recognized by cynological organizations
CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, ACR
The President's Dog
Perhaps one of the most famous ScottishTerriers is Barney - a pet of former US President George W. Bush. This four-footed hooligan, who lived in the White House for a long time, twice bit the journalists. He managed to star in 9 amateur films. In addition, he has his own page on the Internet.
The nature of Scotch Terrier
Not only the appearance, but also the character of the ScottishTerrier fascinates people. This Briton - self-equanimity! Of course, in this short creature there is a great deal of strength and energy hidden. He is still the same dignified hunter, who many centuries ago pulled out foxes and weasels from deep holes. He has a sensitive soul and an astute mind.
However, behind this restraint disappears naughtyAnd stubborn character. Yes, in a typical setting, the "Scots" are noisy. But if they see a cat, a small rodent or a huge hulking dog on their walk, all their English intelligence disappears immediately. They burst out with an outcry cry, and with a lucky coincidence they can even deal with a rat or mouse without hesitation.
Therefore, the owner will have to seriously tackleThe upbringing of an overly independent ward. A dog who considers himself a full-fledged person can not be beaten. But it is necessary to show perseverance and firmness. Begin the training of an inquisitive pet from a young age. The main thing is to interest him, make the learning process fun and fun. And do not demand at once much: Scotch-terriers prefer to execute commands seriously and leisurely.
What's in a name?
The Scottish terrier has many names. It used to be called an Aberdeen or an earthen dog. And in recent years, a new nickname - "the gentleman in a skirt" - has been attached to the beloved dog of stars and glamorous divs.
Training and education
Training of Scotch terriers must begin in the veryEarly age to successfully lay down, those norms of behavior that you expect from him. Since they were initially taken out to work independently of people, sometimes they can be very stubborn in teaching certain commands if they do not like something.
If you have enough time, you canIndependently teach the terrier Scotch tape to the general course of obedience, otherwise you will need to attend specialized classes. Walking on a leash is an exercise that you should focus on from the very first days. This is important because the terrier's Scotch tape has an innate instinct for chasing small game and if he sees it, then rushes in pursuit of it without hesitation. Therefore, being with an Scotch terrier on the street you need to keep it on a leash all the time.
Scotch terrier has excellent watchful qualities - it is always not a check. He has an incomparable charm, thanks to which he will fall in love with everyone. Puppies of Scotch Terrier are very playful and friendly.
However, Scotch Terrier is a dog of mood. In an instant, he can be affectionate and playful, and in the next capricious and irritable. Scotch terriers can also be very stubborn dogs who need strict upbringing from an early age, otherwise they will be extremely difficult to re-educate in their adulthood.
During education or training, ScottishThe terrier is very sensitive to criticism and praise. Scotch terrier is fearless by nature and if given the opportunity, he will be glad to challenge, to those members of the family whom he does not consider leaders. Scotch terrier, unlike dogs of many other breeds, tends to become attached not only to one member of the family, but to several. Scottish terriers are very sensitive dogs and they feel the mood of the host tremendously. If the owner had a bad day, these cute creatures immediately recognize this and will act accordingly.
Scotch tape has no interest on the outsideTo make friends with non-family members. They are very reserved with strangers and prefer not to be touched. Scotch terriers love to bark and listen to the sound of their own voice.
Scotch Terrier is not a fan of training. They behave well with children and are always graceful before the admiring audience. Scotch terriers are beautiful, like collies, but they are more sensitive. Scotch terriers combine many features. They are reserved, good companions. If you want to have a friend, think about the Scottish terrier.
Health Scotch Terrier
An important advantage of the breed is endurance andUnpretentiousness. Four-legged "Scots" are practically not sick. The only hereditary disease that can occur in some individuals is cramps. It is rare and happens only during active rest. Pets with such a violation can not be physically loaded.
If you decide to buy a Scotch terrier from a breederOr at a pet store, it is very important that the puppy be tested for von Willibrands disease ((VWD).) This is a genetic disease of the jaw, Scotch terrier is the most common disease.
Also bear in mind that Scotch TerriersAre sometimes prone to allergies. Therefore, you need to choose a balanced diet. It is forbidden to give small bones, sweet, dishes from manga, white flour and oatmeal. In the diet should not be a lot of protein, because with a sedentary lifestyle, the animal can grow fat.
Every little hunter needs active games. Ideal option will be walking away from noisy companies. In addition, the dog can participate in jogging for short distances.
Maintenance and care
Even scotch terriers of ordinary owners are always inCenter of attention. The energy and sophistication of the Scottish terriers have become their calling card. They are often painted in comics, shot in advertising. Initially, the scotch terrier was removed for hunting for small rodents on farms. And so far they have the instinct of persecution in their character, and they still adore digging the earth. There is no such fence, under which he could not make a dig. The scooter terrier needs constant discipline. The ideal master is firm, but loving.
Funny appearance, unflappable temperament andHunting passion - such here are different traits of character intertwined in this ancient English breed. Each Scotch terrier respects its owner, but requires the same in return. You will have to work hard to cope with his stubbornness, and make a mischievous puppy a real gentleman. But when everything turns out, your family will find a sensitive friend and reliable defender for many years.