Pneumonia in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Pneumonia in dogs is an inflammatory process in the lung tissue, in which the alveoli that perform respiratory function suffer.
Most often this disease is called inflammationLungs. As a result of pneumonia, the process of correct breathing is disrupted in dogs, microbes multiply, and pus accumulates in the alveoli.
Types of pneumonia
There are several types of pneumonia in origin:
- Bacterial pneumonia of an infectious origin occurs more often in puppies, when food enters their respiratory tract. As a rule, this is a secondary infection.
- Fungal pneumonia - a lesion of lung tissue fungus, the causative agents of cryptococcosis. This disease is almost incurable.
- Parasitic pneumonia occurs as a result of infection by the larvae of some roundworms and helminths that migrate through the lungs of the dog.
- Viral pneumonia is a complication of carnivorous viral plague, most often in puppies or non-vaccinated animals.
Symptoms of pneumonia in dogs
A clear diagnosis is established only on the basis ofX-ray examination, because the symptoms of this disease can be confused with other diseases. The main symptom is a cough in the dog. Also accompanies him:
- lack of appetite.
Although it happens that the dog has pneumonia without any signs of fever. Therefore, when a cough occurs, the dog should urgently show the vet and do an X-ray of the lungs.
Treatment of the disease
Treatment of pneumonia in dogs can last very longLong, up to several weeks. Therefore, the main task is to stabilize the animal's condition. First of all, antibiotic therapy is used, which is carried out by the course of injections in the hospital. Its purpose is to destroy the bacteria that develop in the alveoli.
However, not all drugs canPenetrate through pus and sputum, therefore, complex treatment is necessary. It includes physiotherapy, which is conducted at least four times a day. The veterinarian during the procedures rattles the chest of the dog, so that sputum is well separated and exits the body.
In especially severe cases,Oxygen therapy, This is artificial ventilation, oxygen-enriched animal blood. Dogs with symptoms of dyspnoea, vomiting, the presence of a loose stool, and lack of appetite are given infusion therapy under stationary conditions.
After stabilization of the animal's condition under conditionsThe hospital can continue treatment at home. Proper care of the dog is important here. It is better to walk less in inclement weather. However, it is essential to provide the patient with light physical activity. You can not suppress coughing in an animal, but in every way stimulate the output of phlegm from the lungs.