Tibetan Mastiff - a description of the breed and photos of the dog
Tibetan Mastiff or Tibetan Mastino - a fairly rare dog, few peopleLucky enough to see her live. However, its name for the dog handlers sounds quite familiar, as it originates from all modern Molossoid-type dogs. Its roots go back centuries.
The first copies of the Tibetan mastiff arrivedTo the West, were already adults. They really did not know their new owners and probably were not accustomed to people from a small age. Therefore, there is no need to be surprised that in those times when nothing else was known either about dog ethology or about the psyche of dogs, these dogs were recognized as difficult in everyday life and in communication.
Tibetan Mastiff: characteristics
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
Table of contents:
When talking about the Tibetan mastiff, it is importantRemember that a lot of time has passed since the first, not too successful experiments. The breed in our days is radically different from its ancestors and the image of a dog, huge, tall with a donkey and furious as if a tiger was only a legacy.
Description of breed Tibetan mastiff
The authentic Tibetan mastiff is a tall dogGrowth, but quite proportionate. This is a watchful and attentive caretaker endowed with a balanced character. He has a gentle disposition, as evidenced by the peaceful coexistence of dogs of the same sex. And although the Tibetan mastiff always performed guard functions, there is nothing ferocious about it. She is just full of determination to protect the owner and his property. If the dog is with the owner, in his presence any stranger can pat - she will not be angry at all. The biggest thing she can do in this situation is to make a goat face, showing that caresses do not cause her enthusiasm. She quite has enough attention, rendered by the owner. If the puppy, as however, and all the puppies is a real disaster, then the adult dog is more reserved. Caresses and signs of attention the Tibetan mastiff is ready to accept only when he wants it. Nevertheless, he wants to always be with the master. He is ready to never part with him. He can lie for hours at our feet - silent and calm, so we even forget about his presence, although his mass is by no means small.
Indeed, the Tibetan mastiff deservesMore distribution and not only because of its beauty, but because of the nature. After all, being with the owner, this dog is always ready to turn into a great companion for games. Of course, do not expect from her the mobility of a border collie. However, the Tibetan, especially at a young age, likes to run and jump, even to bathe. And on the other hand, it can completely turn into an annex to furniture, when it knows that no one should be disturbed. With children he is extremely affectionate. Going on a leash, he adapts to their step and actually allows them to do anything with him. Therefore, parents need to follow more for the children than for the dog. Especially when the dogs are still small and fragile.
Education of a puppy
Like all dogs, the Tibetan mastiff can becomeStubborn and aggressive. However, the reason for this will be errors committed by man. For example, if a person does not engage in imprinting with a puppy - he will not accustom him to life in society. Imprinting is a combination of techniques that teach a dog to trust a person, convincing her that she and we belong to the same species. To do this, you need to stroke the puppy from the 3rd to the 7th week of life, caress and play with it. If at the same time we are not much "chewed" or we have to look helplessly at the "great" battle with laces - it means everything is in order. The puppy wants to communicate with us and uses for it the mouth - its main means of expressing emotions. A puppy who has not undergone imprinting will not chew any shoelaces or socks, because he will feel fear of a person and it is obvious that he can never not cooperate with a person, not become an indispensable companion of his life.
After imprinting in the period of socialization of the puppy,Living in a circle of the family are taught to interact with the outside world. This is a very important time in his life and extremely delicate. Starting from the 7th week and until the 17th puppy is out for a walk to explore the world. With him goes the owner and, if possible, other adult dogs. So he learns to deal with strangers, with cars, with other animals and so on. If the walks were long and tiring, then on the way back the puppy may need a cart. But most importantly, the dog must come into contact with its surrounding reality and its various components. This will temper its character and nervous system.
Care and maintenance
Large dogs grow very fast and fastBecome and quickly become impressive, so most of the energy of puppies is spent on growth, and there are not too many games left for it. That's why little Tibetan mastiffs sleep much, and sometimes even fall into a lethargic sleep. And it seems that no power can awaken them. But it's perfectly normal, you do not need to disturb the puppies and do not have to make them move. Physical exercises are good when they go from the heart.
If our little Tibetan amuses himself by tryingTo overcome the steps of the ladder - let him try. However, you can not force him to do this exercise several times a day. An adult dog will not have such problems. But puppies love not only to rest they have another passion - food. Adult dog, by no means gluttonous. She is much less boxer or labrador.
The puppy should receive a full meal, divided into many small portions. An adult dog should eat enough 2 times a day. During the meal, she eats 200-300 grams of dog food.
It is very important that in a hot time the dog has the opportunity to retire into the shade. It must always have fresh water.
Despite the size and rather long hair,Keep the breed easy. It does not require complex care. It is enough to comb the dog 2-3 times a week. Exhibition dogs require more care. They should be washed more often, then dried in such a way that the wool on individual parts of the body stood on end and looked thicker. So the look of the dog becomes more impressive. Paws, mane and tail are dried with a hair dryer and air directed against the coat. In order to represent the addition of the dog in a favorable light, it is necessary to raise the coat on the paws with the help of a thin-toothed puerper. The result can be fixed with a hair spray. Now we get what the breed standard should look like, requiring that the dog look impressive. It should feel power and strong bones. And the dog should look solemn and pleasant.
The head is wide enough, heavy and strong withMassive skull. The stop is pronounced. The optimal ratio of the skull and muzzle is one to one, but a shorter muzzle is allowed. The muzzle is wide enough, well-filled and square - whether we look straight or look at the dog in profile. The nose is wide, well pigmented with large nostrils.
Eyes are of medium size, very expressive,Spaced far away and looking askance. The color is chestnut and the whole range of its shades. The shape is oval. Ears are medium in size, triangular and hanging, planted low, snug against the head and lifted when the dog listens. Scissor bite. It is also possible pincer bite. The neck is strong, muscular with a slight bend, covered with a dense mane. The body is powerful, muscular, slightly longer than the height at the withers. The back is straight. The sacrum is barely visible. The forelimbs testify to the obliquely set shoulder blades. The limbs have a strong backbone. When viewed from the front, the limbs are parallel and straight. The hind legs are powerful and muscular with a pronounced post at an angle to powerful, well-defined hocks. When viewed from behind, the limbs are parallel. Spurs single or double can be removed. The feet are rather large, strong and compact, feline, with hair between the fingers. The tail is set high at the line of the back. The tail is of medium length, bent and covered with thick wool.
Color options: Black, black fire, chestnut, golden in various shades, gray in various shades, gray with golden tans. Fire or golden spots appear above the eyes, on the inside of the limbs, both the hind legs and the forelegs, as well as at the tip of the tail.
The minimum height is 66 centimeters for males and61 cm for bitches. The standard of the Tibetan mastiff is not very detailed. Flexibility of character in conjunction with different approaches to breeding makes these dogs not similar one to another why within the breed heterogeneity of individuals is observed, so we see Tibetan mastiffs very different from each other both in color and in height and in shape and of course in type. Some fans of the breed believe that this diversity is its main attraction.
Each dog is unique in its kind, uniqueAnd is absolutely recognizable, even surrounded by numerous flocks of their relatives. In fact, undoubtedly it would be desirable for the breeders to work on obtaining a more haemogenic type, choosing the characters most desirable. Such work takes time, as the dog is not yet well known, and also because the females, like wolves, only pupate once a year.
This is a natural restriction of rock reproductionCan cause annoyance in wanting to produce a puppy. But it is compensated by firm guarantees of its quality. A breeder who is preoccupied solely with benefits, is unlikely to become involved with this breed. Tibetan mastiffs are grown only by real lovers and the dog does not risk becoming a fashionable dog.
The fever is only once a year found amongDog tribe is extremely rare. In Tibetans, it is explained by the fact that a person has never interfered in the development of the Tibetan mastiff, because the heat 2 times a year is a consequence of the domestication of the dog and the selection work of man. The primitive state of the Tibetan is the key to his health and long life.
For the Tibetan mastiff, a life expectancy of 12 years or more is common. This period of life can be envied by most dogs of large breeds.
Health and disease
Tibetan mastiffs differ enviable health. Adult dogs practically do not get sick. It is necessary to watch constantly only after the eyes, so that the eyelid does not turn up when the lower eyelid is wrapped inside. The problem is solved quite easily, by a small surgical intervention. As for diseases common among large dogs, such as, for example, hip dysplasia, they are rare in Tibetan mastiffs. However, this does not mean that there is no risk. The dog is too big to avoid it. Therefore, we recommend taking a puppy from completely healthy parents, and also, just in case, once a year, to make a dog X-ray.
Which dog will be ideal for you? Do you prefer an exhibition dog? Champion in high jump or a delightful diver? Ask who you want - the choice is not limited. Tibetan Mastiff can be everything and even more. And only with ferocious dogs there are great difficulties. But the ferocity of their character is not different, and if the mastiff makes a fierce look, it is only to play a trick on you.
And otherwise they are ready to play any role: From an exemplary farm dog, to a two-headed monster. Well, jokes aside - this is really a real aristocratic dog with a thousand-year history. Its name is surrounded by myths and legends. But for someone who deserves her friendship, she is a wonderful companion - affectionate, with a talking look. Sometimes it even seems that calling her a dog - like that is rude.