Biochemical parameters of blood test in dogs and their norms
When your dog is done with a blood test, you want to figure out what's what for, and therefore it is useful for each owner to know what those enigmatic figures mean.
Let's consider the basic biochemical indicators of blood of dogs. The normal blood glucose content is 0.6-1.2 g / l. An increase from these indicators may indicate such diseases as:
- Pancreatic necrosis,
If the glucose content is reduced, then it is possibleSuspected an overdose of insulin, insulin, hypoadrenocorticism. The total protein should be in the range of 54-78 g / l. Deviations from the norm here indicate the same diseases as with deviations in albumins, the norm of which is 23-34 g / l.
Increase in normal indices of total protein andAlbumin can talk about the presence of autoimmune or chronic inflammatory diseases, dehydration or hemoblastoses. If the total protein is reduced, then the dog can have:
- Nephrotic syndrome,
- Blood loss,
- heart failure,
- Malignant neoplasms.
Globulins should be in the range of 27-44 g / l. Their increase indicates chronic and acute inflammatory processes, autoimmune diseases, malignant neoplasms, myocardial infarction. The normal pH is 7.31-7.42. Their increase denotes alkalemia associated with loss of chloride, for example, with diarrhea and vomiting.
A decrease in blood pH indicates an acidemia thatMay be the result of renal failure, diarrhea, severe physical exertion, hypoventilation of the lungs. Lipids should be within 0.47-07.25 g / l. Exceeding this norm, as well as the norms of cholesterol (1.25-2.50 g / l) testifies:
- About diabetes mellitus,
- Renal failure,
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
- Administration of glucocorticoids.
Excess of the level of creatinine (10-22 mg / l) saysAbout the violation of kidney function. Nitrogen nitrogen should be in the range of 100-200 mg / l. Its excess means the presence of impaired urinary excretion and renal function, dehydration, fever, acute liver dystrophy.
A decrease indicates cirrhosis of the liver. Bilirubin should be at the level of 0.7-6.1 mg / l. If it is overpriced, then the dog may have hepatitis, tumors, liver dystrophy or cirrhosis, B12 hypovitaminosis or hemolysis.
Deciphering the results of analyzes, it should always be remembered that "normal" values are only the arithmetic mean. Normal indicators for each dog will be different,Because they depend on age, sex, size, as well as chronic and transferred diseases, diet, medications, etc.