Disease of Aujeszky in dogs: causes, symptoms, treatment
Aujeszky's disease is sometimes called false or pseudo-robbery and is an acute infectious disease of many animal species, including domestic animals.
Dogs are particularly prone to this disease, andAlso pigs, cats and rodents. For a person, this disease is almost not dangerous. The disease is always acute, with characteristic itching in the areas of infection and pronounced symptoms of the central nervous system.
The most common diseases are young animals with weakened immunity, in which the disease manifests itself particularly sharply and is characterized by fever, severe spasms, convulsions. Not infrequent and lethal outcome.
Causes of the disease
The causative agent of Aujeszky's disease in dogs is herpesvirus of medium size Suid herpesvirus. The rather significant resistance of this virus to various chemical and physical influences facilitates its transmission through care products, bedding, feed and the like.
In nature, the main carriers of a dangerous virus are small rodents:
- Rats, and others.
They are the main source ofInfections for dogs and cats that have a fairly strong susceptibility to this disease. Often, infection occurs when eating raw pork and offal. In most cases, herpesvirus penetrates the animal through the mucous membrane of the mouth or digestive tract, much less often through the damage to the skin.
In the environment, hidden carriers and patientsAnimals excrete the virus along with nasal mucus, urine and excrement, but in pure saliva (unlike the rabies virus) it is absent. Ill animals that have been ill for a long time can remain hidden virus carriers.
Symptoms of Aujeszky's Disease in Dogs
The incubation period of Aujeszky's disease is short and lasts, on average, from 2 to 5 days, and the symptoms appear suddenly.
- Sick animals without reason become nervous, fearful, restless, sleep disturbances are observed, the dog can refuse to eat.
- Breathing is difficult, rapid.
- Perhaps a slight increase in body temperature.
- With the subsequent appearance of itching, anxiety begins to increase, the animals lick, scratch, rub, gnaw and scratch the lips, gums, muzzle and other areas of the body without stopping.
- When anxiety begins to increase, the animalsTake aimlessly to run, jump, ride, gnaw sticks and objects, can attack other animals, while not showing aggression towards a person.
- Then comes a strong thirst, begins a profuse foamy salivation, the voice disappears, but the sagging of the lower jaw (as in the case of rabies) is absent.
- Attacks of the disease are followed by periods of apathy, numbness, drowsiness.
At the end of the disease in the absence of treatmentGait unsteadiness, paralysis in dogs, cramps, and then animals often die (sometimes after only a couple of days). As a rule, the diagnosis is based on the characteristic clinical symptoms of the disease - especially indicative in this case is the presence of severe itching in sick animals.
Also, the first step is to differentiate Aujeszky's disease from suspected rabies. At the moment, laboratory diagnostics of the disease is also available.
Treatment and prevention of Aujeszky's disease in dogs
With group maintenance, the first thing to do is to isolate the sick animal from the rest and, without losing time, call a veterinarian. For the prevention of Aujeszky's disease in premises whereStored food and animals, it is necessary to periodically destroy rodents. You can not allow uncontrolled feeding of raw meat products to animals, especially pork.