Kidney stones in dogs: symptoms, treatment
The kidneys remove the waste from the body in liquid form. However, sometimes this liquid crystallizes and stones are formed. Kidney stone disease in dogs is rare.
Causes of the disease
The reasons for the formation of kidney stones in dogs are quite numerous:
- Retention of urine,
- Renal and urinary tract infections,
- Congenital factors,
- Some medicines and vitamin supplements,
- metabolic disease,
- Disturbance of the nervous system,
- Lack of vitamins A and D, etc.
Most often, stones are found in the kidney boughmiddle-aged. More dogs are susceptible to this disease such as miniature poodle, zwergschnauzer, yorkshire terrier, lhasa apso, shih-tzu, cocker spaniel, bichon.
Symptoms of kidney stones in dogs
The first and most disturbing symptom isThe appearance of blood in the urine and soreness when urinating. The dog becomes restless, because she has a pain in the kidneys, she arches her back and walks a little crouching. Also, a sick dog can have diarrhea, vomiting, upset stomach, frequent urination.
If you have similar symptoms, you should immediatelyAnd go to the veterinarian and take all the necessary tests. The location of the stones can be detected during X-ray examinations. Stones can be found both in the renal pelvis and near the orifice of the ureters. The most dangerous situation is when the stones overlap the ureters.
Treatment of kidney stones in dogs
The best method of combating kidney stones is to remove them. It can occur in many ways. If there is a small stone or sand in the ureter, it is rinsed with an antiseptic solution under general anesthesia with a catheter. In advanced cases urethrostomy is done - an artificial lead channel is created.
Even more difficult is cystotomy - a cavitary operation, withWhich large stones are removed completely. After the outflow of urine is restored, infusion therapy is performed to remove intoxication and restore the water electrolyte balance. Up to two weeks of antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy.
If the disease is detected at the initial stageRenal colic, the animal must be given peace and warmth to the kidney area. To prevent the continuation of the formation of stones, the dog's diet is limited in part of the meat (especially raw) and transferred to a variety of milk diets.
You can drink the animal with mineral water"Essentuki" or "Borjomi". If a lot of sand is found in the sediment of urine, magnesium salts are prescribed. After the condition of the dog is stabilized, life-long prophylaxis is mandatory.
For this, a diet is selected (special therapeuticDog food) and diuretic herbs. With natural feeding, one should avoid uniform products strongly enriched with salts (milk, fish, seafood, mineral supplements, etc.).
Drinking water for the dog must be boiled, you can add a little soda. Regularly, and until the end of life, the animal must be examined by passing an urine test and carrying out ultrasound of the kidneys.