Pyelonephritis in dogs: causes, symptoms, treatment
Pyelonephritis in dogs is a bacterial kidney disease that occurs quite often. It can flow both acutely and chronically, it can be primary and secondary.
Primary arises without previous damage to the kidneys and urinary tract. Secondary is a consequence of functional or organic lesions of the kidney or urinary tract.
Causes of pyelonephritis in dogs
Call pyelonephritis can purulent processes in theAny tissues and organs of the body, colds and even banal weakening of immunity. To cause inflammation can be mechanical irritation in urinary sand and stones, the presence in the body of a dog of zooparasites.
Occasionally, damage to the renal pelvis can cause plant and mineral poisons. However, most often this disease becomes a consequence of prostatitis, cystitis, purulent inflammation of the uterus.
Symptoms of the disease
Inflammation of the kidney or pyelonephritis in dogs can be hemorrhagic, catarrhal and purulent.
- It develops with the accompaniment of a fever,
- With back pain and frequent urge to urinate,
- The dog is depressed,
- She often and painfully urinates.
When a urine sample is found in itThe appearance of protein and many microbes. In the study of blood, there is an increased ESR, neutrophilic leukocytosis, and sometimes hypochromic anemia. With the development of purulent pyelonephritis, renal failure may occur, which changes into uremia.
Treatment of pyelonephritis in dogs
First of all, a sick animal needsComplete rest in a well ventilated, warm and clean room. A gentle diet of carbohydrate digestible feed is also needed. The basis of the diet of the dog should be vegetables and low-fat lactic acid foods.
Food can be slightly salted, because for allForms of acute pyelonephritis delay salt and water in the body does not occur. To reduce pain in the kidney area, the animal is given painkillers: no-shpu or platifillin. At the initial stages of the disease, the appointment of a parainal blockade is very effective.
In order to suppress the pathogenic microflora of the renal pelvis and kidneys, antibiotics are administered:
As well as by sulfonamides (sulfadimethoxin,Etazol, sulfadimezin, urosulfan, sulfalen and others). First, for 7-14 days, these drugs are prescribed in elevated doses, and after a one-week break the treatment is renewed for another two weeks. Also appoint furadonin for a week to facilitate urination.
Among diuretics, diacarb, lazix, temsal or herbal teas are preferred: field horsetail, birch buds, juniper berries, rose hips, marigold flowers.